Bill Wray

  • Japanese business and industrial history, esp. shipping and trading companies and the electrical industry
  • Japanese politics in the 1930s

Books

W.D. Wray. Japan's economy: a bibliography of its past and present. New York: Markus Wiener Pub, 1989.

W.D. Wray; J.Committee Studies. Managing industrial enterprise: cases from Japan's prewar experience. Cambridge, Mass: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1989.

W.D. Wray. NYK and the Commercial Diplomacy of the Far Eastern Freight Conference, 1896-1956: Response. Tokyo: Univ. of Tokyo Press, 1985.

W.D. Wray. NYK and the Commercial Diplomacy of the Far Eastern Freight Conference, 1896-1956. Tokyo: Univ. of Tokyo Press, 1985.

W.D. Wray. Mitsubishi and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: business strategy in the Japanese shipping industry. Cambridge, Mass: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1984.

W.D. Wray. Asō Hishashi and the search for renovation in the 1930's. Cambridge, Mass: East Asian Research center, Harvard University, 1970.

W.D. Wray. The Japanese popular front movement, July 1936-February 1938. Cambridge, Mass: East Asian Research center, Harvard University, 1970.

Articles/Book Chapters

W. D. Wray, “Nodes in the Global Webs of Japanese Shipping”, Business History, vol. 47, pp. 1-22, 2005.

W. D. Wray, “Opportunity vs Control: The Diplomacy of Japanese Shipping in the First World War”, in The Merchant Marine in International Affairs, 1850-1950, G. Kennedy London: Frank Cass, 2000, pp. 59-83.

W. D. Wray, “National Alliances and Global Webs: The Internationalization of Japanese Shipping”, in Global Markets: The Internationalization of the Sea Transport Industries since 1850, Research in Maritime History, D. J. Starkey and Harlaftis, G. St. John’s, Newfoundland: International Maritime Economic History Association, 1998, pp. 81-101.

W. D. Wray, “National Alliances and Global Webs: The Internationalization of Japanese Shipping”, in Global Markets: The Internationalization of the Sea Transport Industries since 1850, Research in Maritime History, D. J. Starkey and Harlaftis, G. St. John’s, Newfoundland: International Maritime Economic History Association, 1998, pp. 81-101.

W. D. Wray, “The NYK and World War I: Patterns of Discrimination in Freight Rates and Cargo Space Allocation”, International Journal of Maritime History, vol. 5, p. 41, 1993.

W. D. Wray, “Japan's Shipping and Trading History: A Short Bibliography”, International Journal of Maritime History, vol. 4, p. 257, 1992.

W. D. WRAY, “JAPANESE SPACE ENTERPRISE - THE PROBLEM OF AUTONOMOUS DEVELOPMENT”, PACIFIC AFFAIRS, vol. 64, pp. 463-488, 1992.

W. D. Wray, “Japanese Space Enterprise: The Problem of Autonomous Development”, Pacific Affairs, vol. 64, pp. 463-488, 1991.

W. D. Wray, “"The ‘Mitsui Fight,’ 1953–1956: Japan and the Far Eastern Freight Conference”, in Shipping and Trade, 1750–1950: Essays in International Maritime Economic History, L. Fischer and Nordvik, H. Ponefract, West Yorkshire: Lofthouse Publications, 1990, pp. 213–237.

W. D. Wray, “Japan’s Big Three Service Enterprises in China, 1896–1936”, in Japan’s Informal Empire in China, 1895–1937, P. Duus, Myers, R. H., and Peattie, M. R. Princeton University Press, 1989, pp. 31-64.

W. D. Wray, “Senkanki ni okeru kigyo no jishusei to Yusho teikei mondai" [Company Autonomy and NYK–OSK Cooperation in the Inter–War Years]”, Keiei Shigaku, no. July, pp. 1-22, 1983.

Reviews

W. D. Wray, “Fukasaku, "Technology and Industrial Development in Pre-War Japan: Mitsubishi Nagasaki Shipyard 1884-1934" (Book Review)”, Journal of Japanese Studies, vol. 20. p. 536, 1994.

W. D. Wray, “Book Reviews – The Myth of America's Decline: Leading the World Economy into the 1990s by Henry R. Nau”, Pacific Affairs, vol. 65. p. 145, 1992.

W. D. Wray, “THE MYTH OF AMERICA'S DECLINE: Leading the World Economy into the 1990s. By Henry R. Nau”, Pacific Affairs, vol. 65. pp. 145-145, 1992.

W. D. Wray, “"The Japanese Business Community and National Trade Policy, 1920-1942" by William Miles Fletcher III”, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, vol. 21. p. 546, 1991.

W. D. Wray, “Wray, William D. Mitsubishi And The NYK, 1870-1914. Business Strategy In The Japanese Shipping Industry”, Pacific Affairs, vol. 59. p. 123, 1986.

W. D. Wray, “Mitsui and Co., "The 100 Year History of Mitsui and Co., Ltd., 1876-1976"”, Business History Review, vol. 54. p. 131, 1980.

W. D. Wray, “THE JAPANESE COMPANY, by Rodney Clark (Book Review)”, Pacific Affairs, vol. 53. pp. 558-558, 1980.

Additional

W. D. Wray, “The Japanese Iron and Steel Industry, 1850-1990: Continuity and Discontinuity”, Journal of Japanese Studies, vol. 21. pp. 476-479, 1995.

W. D. Wray, “Technology and Industrial Development in Pre-War Japan: Mitsubishi Nagasaki Shipyard 1884-1934”, Journal of Japanese Studies, vol. 20. pp. 536-539, 1994.

W. D. Wray, “The Japanese Business Community and National Trade Policy, 1920-1942”, The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, vol. 21. pp. 546-548, 1991.

W. D. Wray, “The Japanese Company”, Pacific Affairs, vol. 53. pp. 558-560, 1980.

W. D. Wray, “The 100 Year History of Mitsui & Co., Ltd., 1876-1976”, The Business History Review, vol. 54. pp. 131-133, 1980.

Riding a Tsunami: The NYK and World War I

Staying Afloat: The NYK, 1921-1945

The Postwar NYK, 1945-1975

"Military Transport in the History of Japan's NYK Line"

"Hegemony and the Cycles of Japanese History"